Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system, in either a male or a female, that inhibits the ability to conceive and deliver a child. Infertility is the inability to conceive after one year of trying with unprotected intercourse for couples in which the female is under 35 and six months of trying for couples in which the female is over 35.

Approximately one in six couples are affected by infertility and there are a number of factors, both male and female, that can cause the condition. In fact, in nearly 30% of cases the cause is attributed to the female, in 30% the cause is attributed to the male, in 30% the cause is attributed to both and in 10% of cases the cause is unknown.

Once the cause of infertility has been determined, a plan can be customized for the patient to fit their unique situation and move them along on the path to conceiving a child. In fact, nearly 90% of infertility cases are treatable with medical therapies such as drug treatment, surgical repair of reproductive organs and assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization.

Quick Facts.
What is it?
Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse (six months if the woman is over age 35) or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth.
One-third each
Approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third to the male partner and one-third is caused by problems in both partners, or is unexplained.
Chances of conceiving
A couple aged 29-33 with a normal functioning reproductive system has only a 20-25% chance of conceiving in any given month.
A common cause
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects an estimated five to ten million women of reproductive age. Nearly half of all female factor infertility cases can be traced to PCOS.
Male problems
Sperm production, the anatomy or structure of the man's reproductive organs and his immune system can all be factors in male infertility.
American College of Embryology

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